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Characteristics of energy transformation of Germany: renewable energy+coal-nuclear power

[ The published date :2017/11/27     Editors : admin ]

Since Germany implemented the energy transformation strategy, the proportion of nuclear energy has been declining, and the proportion of renewable energy supported by a stable coal power has risen rapidly.


By present,Germany has installed 200.2 GW electricity generating capacity in 2017, of which 10.8 GW (5.4%) is for nuclear power, 20.9 GW is for lignite (10.4%), 28.3 GW is for hard coal and 29.9 GW is for natural gas (2.1%),4.2GW is for mineral oil(2.1%), 41.7 GW is for solar (20.8%), 47.1 GW is for onshore wind(23.5%), 4.6 GW is for offshore wind(2.3%),7.1 GW is for biomass (3.5%) and 5.6 GW is for water and electricity(2.8%).

In summary,Germany's renewable energy generation installed capacity was accounted for 53.0% of the total installed capacity,while coal-fired power generation just was accounted for 24.6%.


From the power generation point, the power generation in Germany of 2016 was 648.3 TWh (648.3 TWh), of which nuclear power was 84.6 TWh (13.0%), lignite was 150.0 TWh (23.1%), hard coal was 111.5 TWh (17.2%), natural gas was 80.5 TWh (12.4%), mineral oil was 5.9TWh (0.9%), renewable energy was 188.3TWh (29.0%) and other was 27.5TWh (4.2%).In summary, Germany's renewable power generation installed capacity was accounted for 53.0% of total installed capacity, but power generation was just only 53.0%; while coal-fired power installed capacity was accounted for 24.6%, but power generation was 40.3%.


If we look at energy consumption (including transportation and heating demand) again, then in 2016, coal was accounted for 33.6%, nuclear energy was 6.9%, natural gas was 22.7%, mineral oil was 34.0%, renewable energy was 12.6% and other was 1.8%.